Glossary of terms
Analysis of non-numerical data which is used to answer qualitative questions (e.g., concerning the structure and meaning of responses). Answers usually rely on detailed examination of sample data extracted from a full data set.
Analysis of numerical data used to answer quantitative questions (e.g., concerning averages and probabilities). Answers rely on descriptive and inferential statistics that relate to a full data set.
The process of assigning participants to different conditions of an experiment on a strictly unsystematic basis.
The process and action of challenging one's subordinated position in a given social system.
A procedure that is carried out when some of the items that measure a particular construct are worded so that a higher score is associated with a lower level of the construct. This is done by transposing scores across the scale midpoint. So, for example, on a 7-point scale, when reverse scored, 6 (2 above the midpoint) becomes 2 (2 below the midpoint) and 3 (1 below the midpoint) becomes 5 (1 above the midpoint).
A set of expected practices and behaviours that are associated with the position that a person occupies within a given social system.